Performing Salah with new £5 inside the pocket

​Q: What is the fiqhi ruling with regards to performing Salah with the new £5 note inside the pocket? 

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Answer provided by mufti Ahmed Peerbhai of Leicester, UK.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In relation to praying Ṣalāh whilst having polymer bank notes in one’s pocket, the following points are to be considered.

1) Polymer bank notes are widely used by many countries throughout the world due to their durability and strength. Polymer is a substance which has a molecular structure and it is made of many other molecules all strung together. So basically, a polymer is made up of a great variety of substances, not just one substance.

2) One of the many substances which are at some point used to produce a polymer bank note is tallow. Bank notes use stearic acid which is derived from tallow sourced from beef fat. Obviously the fat is not used in its raw form. Rather, it goes through various processes and chemical reactions which completely change its original molecular structure. In Fiqh terminology this is known as “Inqilāb al-ʿayn” or “Tabdīl al-māhiya”.

3) Therefore, if one was to offer Ṣalāh whilst having such notes in one’s pocket, the Ṣalāh will be valid as the notes are considered to be ritually pure based on the fact that “Inqilāb al-ʿayn” has occurred.

4) Even if the fat was to be used in its raw form and “Inqilāb al-ʿayn” is noteffectuated, Ṣalāh would still be valid. This is because:

a) The amount of beef tallow used in a single note is so miniscule and insignificant that the validity of the prayer is not compromised at all. For the beef tallow to invalidate the prayer, the amount must be that of a Dirham which is approximately 3g as calculated in Awzān al-Sharīʿah. The weight of a polymer five pound note is 0.7g.

The total weight of 0.7g is inclusive of all the substances and materials used in the production of the note. The actual amount of tallow is vanishingly small; almost non-existent.

b) The note is kept in the pocket and the pocket is considered to be an inner lining of the cloth. The ruling is that if the inner layer is impure but the outer layer is pure then Ṣalāh will still be valid[i].

c) One of the many processes in the production of a polymer banknote involves melting the polypropylene. The ruling in relation to this is that, if impurity is burned to a degree where the moisture no longer remains then that impurity will no longer contaminate anything[ii]. Hence, the note will not become contaminated.

d) Intestine, bladder and stomach lining from a sheep (for example) which has not been slaughtered in accordance with the rules of Sharīʿah, are impure. However, if they are cleansed and corrected then Ṣalāh is permissible with items which have been derived from them[iii]. As explained above, stearic acid is a derivative of beef tallow. Considering that such derivates do not invalidate the prayer, the polymer bank note will also not invalidate the prayer.

And Allāh Knows Best.

Checked by Sufi Tāhir Ṣahib (Blackburn)

[i] وَفِي الْفَتَاوَى إذَا ثَنَى ثَوْبَهُ وَالْأَعْلَى طَاهِرٌ دُونَ الْأَسْفَلِ يَجُوزُ (الفتاوي الهندية)

[ii] إذَا سَعَّرَتْ الْمَرْأَةُ التَّنُّورَ ثُمَّ مَسَحَتْهُ بِخِرْقَةٍ مُبْتَلَّةٍ نَجِسَةٍ ثُمَّ خَبَزَتْ فِيهِ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ حَرَارَةُ النَّارِ أَكَلَتْ بَلَّةَ الْمَاءِ قَبْلَ إلْصَاقِ الْخُبْزِ بِالتَّنُّورِ لَا يَتَنَجَّسُ الْخُبْزُ

[iii] إذَا أَصْلَحَ أَمْعَاءَ شَاةٍ مَيِّتَةٍ فَصَلَّى وَهِيَ معه جَازَتْ صَلَاتُهُ لِأَنَّهُ يُتَّخَذُ منها الْأَوْتَارُ وهو كَالدِّبَاغِ وَكَذَلِكَ الْعَقِبُ وَالْعَصَبُ كذا لو دَبَغَ الْمَثَانَةَ فَجُعِلَ فيها لَبَنٌ جَازَ وَلَا يَفْسُدُ اللَّبَنُ وَكَذَلِكَ الْكَرِشُ إنْ كان يَقْدِرُ على اصلاحه. (البحر الرائق)

Ruling on Binary Options Trading

Q: What is the ruing on Binary options trading?

 

الجواب حامدا ومصليا ومنه الصدق والصواب

A:  Please see the following link:

http://alqalam.org.uk/fatawa/investments-fatwa/is-it-permissible-to-purchase-stocks-using-call-and-put-options/

Binary options (all-or-nothing options) are simply another form of call or put options and are not sanctioned in Islam.

 

 

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Mohammed Zubair Butt

Al-Qalam Sharī‘ah Panel

Mother and Son

​CONVERSATION BETWEEN A MOTHER AND HER SON:
Mother:

I fought with death when I was giving birth to you. I spent sleepless nights when you were sick and crying. I never ate without feeding you first. I bore so many pains to bring you to the stage that you are in today. How will you repay me my son?
Son: 

When I grow up, I will find a good job and earn lots of money for you so you can enjoy the pleasures of this world.
Mother:

Your father is doing this already and I do not expect this from you too. By the time you are earning I will be old and will not be in need of any worldly luxuries.
Son:

I will find a pious lady and marry her so she can cook for you and take care of you.
Mother:

That is not her duty my son and neither should you marry for that reason. It is not compulsory on her to do any service to me, neither do I expect this from her. Your marriage should be for you, a companion and a comfort for you as you go through this journey of life.
Son:

Tell me mother how can I repay you then?
Mother:

(With tears in her eyes) Visit or call me often. A mother only requires this much from you while she is alive. Then when I die give me your shoulder and bury me. Whenever you perform prayers, supplicate for me. Give out in charity for me. Remember your every good deed will benefit me in the hereafter so be good and kind always. Fulfill the rights of Allah SWT and all those around you. The sleepless nights and pains I took to bring you up was not a favour to you but was for my creator. He blessed me with you as a beautiful gift and as a means for me to attain His pleasure. Your every good deed becomes my repayment. Will you do it my son?
Son:

(Cannot speak and has tears in his eyes)
May we all be of those that are a coolness of our parents eyes and a means of their purification.
“Say My Lord be merciful to them as they brought me up in my childhood”

(Surah Al-Israa)

Day 5 of Hajj

5th day: 12th Zul Hijjah
Make Ramee, i.e. pelt all three Shaytaans after Zawaal. The Hajjees may now proceed to MAKKAH MU’AZZAM. Those who wish to remain in Mina on the l3th Zul Hijjah should pelt the 3 Shaytaans before proceeding to Makkah Mukarramah. The pelting on this day is permissible throughout the day (including the period before Zawaal).

Day 3 of Hajj

3rd day: 10th Zul Hijjah, Yaum-un-Nahr  

After performing Fajr Salaah at Muzdalifah, the Hajjees proceed to Mina before sunrise. On this day four important rites have to be performed.  
1. RAMEE of Jamaratul Aqabah (stoning the big Shaytaan).  
2. ZABH (to sacrifice an animal).  
3. HALQ or Qasr (shaving or trimming the hair of the head).  
4. To perform TAWAAFUZ ZIYAARAH. 

Day 2 of Hajj

2nd day: 9th Zul Hijjah, Yaum-ul-Arafah  

Image result for arafat hajj
Arafat Hajj

After sunrise the Hajjees proceed to ARAFAAT and make WUQOOF after ZAWAAL. Zohar and Asr Salaah will be performed here. Here they remain engaged in Du’aa, Zikr, Tilaawat, etc. until sunset. Immediately after sunset they proceed to Muzdalifah. Here they will perform Maghrib and Esha at the time of Esha. The night will be spent at Muzdalifah. 

Image result for muzdalifah
Muzdalifah Hajj