Category Archives: Salaah

Sutra in Salah

In the name of Allah, Most Beneficient, Most Merciful

It is related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said ‘If the one passing in front of the one praying knew what was against him, his waiting forty would be better for him than passing in front of him.’ [Bukhari] Abu al-Nadr, one of the sub narrators, said ‘I don’t know whether he said forty days, or months or years’. In a version narrated by al-Bazzar the hadith reads ‘forty autumns’.

The offence being as serious as it is, the scholars defined what constitutes passing in front of somebody praying. If the one praying is in an open space or a large mosque, the scholars differed concerning what is considered passing in front, both opinions being deemed strong and follow-able. One opinion is that it is passing by his place of prostration, such that if one where to pass in front of him but beyond his immediate place of prostration there would be no sin upon one. The other opinion, which is ibn Abidins preference, is that one would be considered passing in front if one is within the field of vision of the one praying if his eyes were fixed on his place of prostration.

If the one praying is in a room or a small mosque then one will be sinful for passing in front regardless of how far in front of him one is. Ibn Abidin defines a small mosque as being forty cubits.

However, is the one passing in front always to blame?

The possible scenarios that may occur are four,

1. The one passing has an alternative to passing in front and the one praying did not pray in a place where he is in people’s way.
-In this case the sin is only on the one passing.

2. The one passing has no alternative to passing and the one praying was in a place where he would be in people’s way.
-The sin in this case is solely on the one praying.

3. The one passing has an alternative to passing in front and the one praying was in a place where he would get in people’s way.
-The sin is on both of them.

4. Neither does the one passing have an alternative nor is the one praying in people’s way. -The sin is on neither of them.

In all of these cases the one passing in front would be free from sin if the one praying were to keep a sutra in front of him. A sutra is an object of about a cubit in height that one places in front of one as one prays.

One last scenario that is relevant to mention is that if someone prays near the entrance of the mosque or without filling in the gaps in the row in front, one can walk in front of him to fill in the gaps. [Radd al-Muhtar, 1:427, Dar Li Ihya al-Turath al-‘Arabi]

Looking now to the question at hand, if the mosque is considered a large mosque then there is no problem at all as there is no harm in walking in front of somebody by a few metres in a small mosque. If it is not a large mosque then there still is no sin on the men as they are walking to fill in the rows which they can not do with out walking in front of the women.

And Allah knows best.
Sohail Hanif.

www.sunnipath.com

How to Perform Wudu


The ahadaith mentioned/ referred to in the video.  Video courtesy of Hanafi Fiqh Youtube Channel.

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, “There is no wudu for him who does not mention Allah’s name upon it.” (Sahih – Ibn Maajah, At-Tirmithee, Abu Dawood, and others)

Humran (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and washed his hands three times… then said, “I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) make wudu just as I have made wudu.” (Sahih – Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, “When you make wudu then wash your mouth.” (Sahih – Al-Baihaqee)

The Prophet (SAW) said, “When one of you makes wudu then let him enter water into his nose, then expel it.” (Sahih – Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood)
Abd Khair (RA) said, “We were sitting looking towards Ali (RA) – as he made Wudu – and he entered into his mouth a handful of water with his right hand and washed his mouth and nose, then expelled it from his nose with his left hand – he did that three times, then said, ‘Whoever would like to see the way of purification of Rasoolullah (SAW) – then this is his purification.'” (Sahih – Ad-Daarimee)

Allah (SWT) said, “O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

Humran ibn Abaan (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and so mentioned the way in which the Prophet (SAW) made wudu. Humran (RA) said, “Then he washed his face three times.” (Sahih – Al-Bukhari, Muslim)

Anas (RA) narrates that the Prophet (SAW), when he made wudu, used to take a handful of water and enter it below his chin and rub it through his beard and said, “This is what my Lord – the Great and Exalted – has ordered me to do.” (Sahih – Abu Dawood, Al-Baihaqee, Al-Haakim)

Allah (SWT) said, “O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

Nu’aim ibn Mijmar (RA) said, “I saw Abu Hurairah make wudu – he washed his face and completed the wudu, then washed his right hand until he reached the upper arm, then his left hand till he reached the upper arm” – then in the end of the Hadith he said: “This is how I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) make wudu.'” (Sahih – Muslim)

Allah (SWT) said, “O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, “The two ears are a part of the head.” (Sahih – At-Tirmithee, Abu Dawood, and Ibn Maajah)

From Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) – about the way of performing wudu – he (SAW) said, “Then he (SAW) wiped his head and entered his two forefingers into his ears and wiped the backs of his ears with his thumbs”. (Sahih – Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Ibn Khuzaimah)

Ar-Rabee bint Mu’awwidh (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW), “Wiped his head with water remaining in his hand”. (Hasan – Abu Dawood and others)

Allah (SWT) said, “O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

“Ibn Umar (RA) said, “Rasoolullah (SAW) fell behind us and then came upon us during a journey, then we found him and it was time for ‘Asr – so we began to make Wudu and wipe over our feet, so he (SAW) called out at the top of his voice, ‘Woe to the ankles from the Fire. (two or three times)'” (Sahih – Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

“Al-Mustaurad (RA) said, “When the Prophet (SAW) made wudu he would enter the water between his toes with his little finger.” (Sahih – Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithee, and Ibn Maajah)

Rasoolullah (SAW) said, “None of you makes wudu and completes the wudu then says: “Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wah dahu la shareeka lahu wa ash hadu an-na muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasulhu” except that all eight Gates of Paradise are opened for him – so that he enters by whichever he pleases.” (Sahih – Muslim, Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithee, An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah)

“Allah hum maj ‘alnee minat taw-wabeena, waj ‘alnee minal muta tah-hireen.” (Sahih – At-Tirmithee)

Effect of Prayer

And in the words of a distinguished American psychologist:
‘All historians declare that the amazing success of Islam in dominating the world lay in the astounding coherence or sense of unity in the group, but they do not explain how this miracle was worked.  There can be little doubt that one of the most effective means was the prayer.  The five daily prayers, when all the faithful wherever they were, alone in the grim solitude of the desert or in vast assemblies in the crowded city, knelt and prostrated themselves towards Mecca, uttering the same words of adoration for the one true God and of loyalty to His Prophet, produce an overwhelming effect upon the spectator, and the psychological effect of thus fusing minds of the worshippers in a common adoration and expression of loyalty is certainly stupendous’ (Denison, Emotion as the basis of Civilization, pp 274-275).