Ihrâm literally means to make something harâm upon oneself. By adopting ihrâm (donning the two sheets, making niyat and reciting the talbiya, certain things which were halâl (allowed) now become harâm (not allowed) upon that person. Thus, we can say that ihrâm is a state (condition) which a person has subjected himself to and he can reverse this state only if particular rites are performed.
Furthermore, the two sheets a Haji or Mu’tamir wears is also called ihrâm because it reflects ones intention and status.
Once a person adopts an ihrâm, it must not be ended abrubtly without completing the intended haj or umra. This applies even if a person has committed an act which will render his ihrâm fâsid.
- if a muhrim was unable to make wuqûf of Arafah, he should then perform the acts of umra and terminate such an ihrâm.
- if a muhrim is prevented from performing haj or umra, than such a muhrim can end the state of ihrâm by offering a sacrifice within the boundaries of the haram.
- It is wâjib to perform the Qadha of any ihrâm terminated without performing the rites of the intended hajj or Umra.
CONDITIONS OF IHRÂM:
- To be a Muslim.
- To form an intention and to recite the talbiya or any other zikr that is an acceptable substitute for the talbiya.
WÂJIBÂT OF IHRÂM:
- To adopt ihrâm from the miqât.
- To stay away from that which is prohibited in ihrâm.
SUNAN OF IHRÂM:
- To perform ghusl or wudhu.
- To apply itr before making an intention for the Ihrâm of Haj or Umrah.
- To use two sheets as the dress for ihrâm.
- To perform two rakâts salâh as sunnat of ihrâm.
- To recite the talbiya as reported in the hadith .
- To recite it loudly.
- To recite it thrice.
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